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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all over the world and also have been found in Australia in tiny numbers. Recently they've become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and most areas of the Earth, over the last ten years. .
The main reason behind the increase is supposed to be due to insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are highly resilient to many of the commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world traveling with bed bugs being dispersed in bags, shoes and clothing. Once obtained at high turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs could then be transported and introduced back to the homes of guests in their luggage.
Many hostels have now banned the use of travelers own sleeping linen in shared accommodation as a safety precaution against this pest.
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In early infestations, bed bugs are found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. Since the infestation spreads, the bugs move to any tiny crevices, which may be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Due to their colour, mature bed bugs can easily be seen with the naked eye on sheets and bedding, but rather difficult to see on brown wooden floors and other dark surfaces.
Heavily used hiding areas are evident by black or brown spots of blood excrement or spotting. There may be an offensive sweet odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour described as buggy is similar to the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin shells may also be found near these places, as well as living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This method of communication and the release of alarm pheromones can make them quite hard to treat as bed bugs become awake and quickly vacate the region being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs may propagate into a new residence link by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a suitable host, bed bugs will nourish and are very likely to harbor in near proximity to the victim. In cases like this, new locations can these details easily become infested with bed bugs in a short amount of time. .
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Different individuals have varying reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of variables. Some individuals have little or no reaction to the bite. In others the sting site can get red and intensely itchy. This can happen during the course of the night or may take up to develop.
The red wheals may range from 2 cm to 5 cm in width with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock may possibly occur in individuals which are allergic, although this is rare. .
Discomfort and reduction of sleep is common in the effects of bed bugs. Bites may be found on a variety of places on the body. Another characteristic is the bites are in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. These rows are caused by the bed insect being upset during feeding and having to pierce the skin to nourish again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but may feed on mammals and poultry if necessary. Although they may carry diseases like hepatitis they are not known to transfer such diseases to individuals.
Bed bugs are particularly problematic to take care of, with eradication unlikely to be achieved with a single treatment. The bed bugs may be killed by sprays however, they are largely ineffective my review here on the eggs. Follow up inspections are constantly required and additional treatments are often necessary.
The survival of bed bug eggs is an issue. It's not uncommon for the live bed bugs amongst an infestation to be completely eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the exact location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period up to two weeks and may be deposited in hidden areas that are tough to deal with. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are created more problematic because of the now smaller size of the newly re-emerged mattress bug nymph. Once an infestation is discovered, all adjoining rooms need to be inspected and treated if additionally affected.
This can be finished by the use of adhesive tape (if insect numbers are extremely small) to trap the insect. Vacuuming is also recommended before substance treatment because it eliminates all dust and debris from the website of the infestation making it easier for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn be effective.